Citizen`s Island how does it work?
Part 1 Data Storage
decentralized storage overview
Three Tools to Simplify File Management on the Decentralized Cloud
Alice wants to store her private data safely in the cloud.
She could chose a paid storage provider (SP). But how to decide if this SP can be trusted?
Even with decentralized storage providers (DSP) there’s this same problem of trustworthiness.
How DSP works:
1 the DSP packages Alice’s data in one big file
2 the DSP divides the file in many pieces, e.g. a 1000
3 the DSP stores every piece on a different storage medium, on different computers belonging to different people or companies
4 Alice`s data can only be recovered by accessing at least 500 pieces. That is pretty safe.
The provider or Alice has a key with the addresses of all the parts of her data. So she is able to access her data.
But Alice still has to trust her DSP. People working there receive her raw data and can tamper with it.
Now Alice signs-up for a Citizen`s Island:
1 a private Island is automatically created in a private computer center
2 Alice can chose to automatically encrypt her data and store it
a) in the same computer center or
b) store it decentralized within this computer center or
c) store it decentralized, in pieces, on external storage media on external computers.
In case 2a and 2b:
No people are involved in this process, but is the computer center to be trusted?
This computer center (which is duplicated on several continents) has many servers. Harm can be done theoretically only by hacking more than one third of the servers. Even then financial transactions concerning assets of Citizens are still not possible. There are several administrators, not belonging to just one company. Decisions about the computer center are made following a governance model (see links in part 2). Everyone can sign up to vote on decisions about the center. Decisions to change the governance model that the administrators have to follow, can only be made with e.g. a ¾ majority.
This type of organization is called Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO). See part 2 below.
In case 2c: SWARM or IPFS is used to store Alice`s data.
Alice choses her Citizen`s Island as a trusted platform. Whenever she changes her mind, she can move her data to another provider or platform.
Citizen`s Island uses a database with blockchain characteristics: BigchainDB
In this way we are able to combine the characteristics of a common database (high speed access, high volume data storage) with blockchain security (immutable blocks).
Swarm, IPFS and BigchainDB: Comparing Data Storage and Decentralization
Citizen`s Island how does it work?
Part 2 DAO
CI (Citizen's Island and Company's Island) will be a DAO,
a decentralized autonomous organization.
"Blockchain makes a new type of organization possible: the Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO). A DAO is a network of stakeholders with no central governing body, just a set of rules encoded on a blockchain. We believe DAOs have the collaborative potential the world needs."
DAO links for laywers:
Ignite DAO is the first DAO in the Netherlands
How to Do Business as a DAO should a DAO retain a law firm?
The Rise of Decentralized Autonomous Organizations: Opportunities and Challenges
THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BLOCKCHAIN LAW
examplels of DAOs:
DAO related organizations
DAO Ecosystem Overview
info about DAOs:
Incentive Design & Tooling for DAOs
The Ultimate DAO Report
Exploring DAOs as a New Kind of Institution
For students: Questions 1 (Exploring DAOs as a New Kindo Institution)
DAOstack, Building Collaborative Networks
An Explanation of DAOstack in Fairly Simple Terms
For students: Questions 2 (An Explantation of DAOstack in Fairly Simple Terms)
Decentralized Network Governance: Blockchain Technology and the Future of Regulation
Governance in decentralised networks Risto Karjalainen* March 5, 2020
The Commons Stack: Scaling the Commons to Re-Prioritize People and the Planet
Automating Ostrom for Effective DAO Management
Deep Dive: Augmented Bonding Curves
Computer-Aided Governance (CAG) — A Revolution in Automated Decision-Support Systems
Architecting the Cyber-Physical Commons
How Blockchain Economies align incentives around the Commons